What are BTC Runes?

BTC Runes is a fresh token standard for Bitcoin that simplifies the process of creating fungible tokens on the blockchain.

In the last couple of years, the Bitcoin ecosystem has grown to incorporate both fungible and non-fungible tokens on its network. These tokens have now surpassed a market cap of $2 billion and have brought in hundreds of millions in revenue for miners. The introduction of Runes, a token protocol set to transform token creation on Bitcoin, has sparked excitement about its potential impact on the ecosystem, including the rise of meme coins.

Learn about Bitcoin Runes

The inventor of the Ordinals protocol for NFT-like inscriptions on the Bitcoin blockchain, is launching Runes, a new protocol for creating tokens on Bitcoin similar to Solana and Ethereum. Existing BRC-20 and SRC-20 token standards are based on Ordinals theory, potentially causing UTXO proliferation that could spam Bitcoin.

Rodarmor introduced Runes in September 2023 to improve token creation on the Bitcoin network. With the launch date approaching, there is growing curiosity about the potential impact of Runes on Bitcoin.

Bitcoin Runes was introduced on Block 840,000 after the Bitcoin halving in April 2024. The creator’s involvement does not affect Bitcoin, but it does contribute to the buzz surrounding the fourth Bitcoin halving. According to Rodarmor, the straightforward design and structure of BTC Runes will support its main purpose – enabling the creation of fungible tokens on the Bitcoin blockchain.

Bitcoin Runes are digital tokens built on the Bitcoin blockchain. They are a type of data that can be executed to create and use specific assets within the network. Unlike BRC-20 and SRC-20 tokens, Runes are simpler, do not need Ordinals, and are more efficient. They follow key models of the Bitcoin blockchain such as the UTXO model and the OP_RETURN opcode. In contrast to other fungible token protocols on Bitcoin, Runes do not rely on external data sources like RGB and Taproot Assets, and do not require a native token for transactions like Omni Layer and Counterparty.

Benefits of Bitcoin Runes

Runes are designed to make it easier to create fungible tokens on the Bitcoin blockchain, while also focusing on reducing on-chain data and enhancing UTXO management. Let’s explore the advantages that Runes offer to users and the Bitcoin network.

  • Simplicity
  • Resource Efficiency
  • Integration With Bitcoin’s UTXO Model
  • Increase in Miner Revenue
  • Expanded User Base
  • Expanded Utility for the Bitcoin Network


The Bitcoin network now has a new way to issue tokens called Bitcoin Runes. Although the network wasn’t originally designed for this, it’s exciting to see more fun being added to the oldest type of modern blockchains. Many projects are preparing for their own launches and building communities. The model for Bitcoin Runes is interesting because it uses some older features of the network to create a significant addition to the space. As the excitement grows, more people are using and adopting the Bitcoin network. It’s unclear how mainstream investors feel about this, but for crypto enthusiasts, having more ways to use the Bitcoin network is a positive thing.

It’s crucial to remember that BTC Runes is still in its early stages of development, so it’s subject to significant changes and fluctuations in performance. Projects utilizing this technology and becoming part of the Bitcoin Rune ecosystem are quite speculative right now. Make sure to research thoroughly before investing in any cryptocurrency. This article focuses solely on the technological aspects of Bitcoin Runes for educational purposes and should not be considered financial advice. The highlighted projects are not recommended.