What is Layer 0 in Blockchain?

Layer 0 protocols serve as the foundation for building Layer 1 blockchains. They are essential for blockchain networks and applications, addressing challenges like scalability and interoperability. You can click here to know List of layer 0 crypto coins.

Layer 0 solve what?

Blockchain networks can communicate with each other through interoperability. This allows for a more interconnected network of blockchain-based products and services, resulting in an improved user experience. By utilizing cross-chain transfer protocols, blockchain networks built on the same Layer 0 protocol can interact seamlessly without requiring dedicated bridges. This enables the blockchains within an ecosystem to leverage each other’s features and use cases, leading to benefits such as faster transactions and increased efficiency.

Ethereum, a monolithic blockchain, often experiences congestion due to a single Layer 1 protocol handling all the important functions like executing transactions, reaching consensus, and providing data availability. This congestion becomes a hindrance to scalability. However, by delegating these critical functions to different blockchains, Layer 0 can alleviate this bottleneck. This design allows blockchain networks built on the same Layer 0 infrastructure to optimize specific tasks, ultimately improving scalability. For instance, execution chains can be optimized to efficiently handle a large volume of transactions per second.

Layer 0 protocols offer convenient software development kits (SDKs) and a user-friendly interface to motivate developers in building on them. This enables developers to effortlessly launch their own blockchains with specific purposes. Layer 0 protocols empower developers with the ability to personalize their blockchains, giving them the freedom to design their own token issuance models and determine the type of DApps they desire to have on their blockchains.

List of layer 0 crypto coins

You knew the problem layer 0 can solve. Here is the list of layer 0 crypto coins you can know.

  • Polkadot (DOT)
  • Avalanche (AVAX)
  • Cosmos (ATOM)

Layer 0 Protocol Work?

Layer 0 protocols operate in various ways, each with its own design, features, and focus. Generally, these protocols serve as the primary blockchain supporting transaction data from different Layer 1 chains. Some Layer 1 chains are built on top of Layer 0 protocols, while others use cross-chain transfer protocols to facilitate the transfer of tokens and data between different blockchains. The structures and relationships of these components can vary significantly between different Layer 0 protocols.


Layer 0 blockchains have the potential to address industry challenges like interoperability and scalability, but it is uncertain how successful their adoption will be. Many competing solutions are striving to achieve similar goals. The significance of Layer 0 blockchains in solving industry challenges will rely on their ability to attract developers to build on these protocols and whether the applications hosted on them offer real value to users.